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Men’s Breast Disorders

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Dr. Figueredo is a valuable medical resource for men who suffer from breast disorders ranging from benign breast enlargement to breast cancer. While breast cancer in men is relatively rare, more than 2,000 diagnoses are made every year. The problem is that when a breast issue occurs such as a painful lump or nipple irritation, diagnosis and treatment is often delayed because men put off seeing evaluation for this type of disorder. It’s very important to consult a medical professional if you notice a change in your breast – no matter which gender you are.

Especially if breast cancer runs in your family, if you have undergone treatment for prostate cancer, if you are obese or of Jewish ancestry, if you drink alcohol in excess or have been exposed to radiation, your chances of developing breast cancer are higher than the usual, and you should be evaluated.


Gynecomastia is a benign enlargement of male breast tissue that is often temporary and can be treated via hormone therapy and other medications. In adults, liver disease is often a causative factor, along with certain medications. Also, men who have been treated for prostate cancer can be at higher risk for gynecomastia because that treatment focuses on reducing the levels of androgen hormones that are linked to breast enlargement.

Although less common, breast enlargement can also be associated with testicular cancer – so all men with gynecomastia should be checked for this condition. Below are possible causes of benign breast enlargement in men.

Possible Causes

  • Being overweight
  • Illegal drugs
  • Liver disease
  • Low testosterone
  • Malnutrition
  • Prescribed medications for heart disease, gastritis and heartburn
  • Prostate cancer treatment
  • Testicular cancer
  • Thyroid dysfunction

Breast Cancer in Men

Breast cancer and gynecomastia can sometimes be confused with each other. It is important to be evaluated to make this differentiation since the nature of the disease and treatment options are different. Any man who has detected a lump or unusual thickening in his breast (particularly near the nipple) should have this condition checked out. As with breast cancer in women, the earlier the diagnosis, the better the prospects for successful treatment and a complete recovery.

Below are some of the factors that can put you at higher risk for male breast cancer.

Risk Factors for Male Breast Cancer

  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Exposure to radiation
  • Increasing age
  • Jewish ancestry
  • Klinefelter’s syndrome
  • Inherited BRCA2 gene mutation
  • Infertility
  • Obesity
  • Prostate cancer treatment

If you are a man seeking evaluation and/or treatment for any kind of breast condition, make an appointment for an exam and consultation with Dr. Nicole Figueredo by calling 813.977.0281.